These two pages reflect just how quickly car makers are switching their focus to electric – in the broadest possible meaning of that term.
Of course, while electrified volumes are growing apace, they remain well behind the non-electrified, conventional models powered by diesel or petrol (see Page 1 for details of what and when those new models are coming).
But there has been such a significant increase in the volume and variety of electric versions due shortly that I thought it might be helpful to distinguish the electrified arrivals from their mainstream internal combustion engined counterparts.
From researching for this report it is clear that many brands are bringing in several EV-like variants of their latest diesel/petrol cars.
Quite a number are close to ‘pure’ electric vehicle launches too.
I also thought it might be of use, in the midst of all the terminology, to briefly explain the different degrees of electric usage in the cars for the Irish market.
So-called ‘mild hybrids’ abound.
In reality, the systems are electric/battery boosters to the internal combustion engine.
These cars have a motor/generator in a parallel configuration which lets the engine turn off, if safe to do so, when the car is coasting, braking, or stopped, for example.
Yet they have the ability to restart quickly.
There are only moderate fuel consumption benefits, depending on model and usage.
These mild hybrids are on the lower rungs of electrified models. They get no government incentives.
Petrol-diesel-electric hybrids, meanwhile, use combinations of a petrol engine (usually), battery pack and electric motor to optimum effect, depending on various traffic and driving scenarios.
They are self-charging in the sense that the engine and regenerative energy from braking/slowing-down can partially replenish the battery.
But their battery pack can’t be charged from outside. The electric activity takes place on board at all times.
Hybrids can benefit from a VRT rebate of up to €1,500 – an important sum for many buyers on tight budgets.
Plug-in hybrids (PHEVs) can have their battery pack charged from the outside. So, in addition to normal on-board hybrid self charging, their battery pack can also be charged from a socket or charging point.
It means they can travel 40km-70km on electric power only.
In real-world driving, that could mean your engine not having to kick in at all on a 40km/50km commute – whereas it would on a conventional hybrid.
These plug-ins, as they are called, are currently benefiting from grants and rebates worth up to €7,500. They enjoy such benevolence because of their exterior charging capacity.
Whether people are as diligent as they should be in using that facility for electric-only range is a matter of conjecture.
Yet even if they’re never plugged into a socket, these vehicles still benefit from the on-board hybrid technology.
And then there is the full-electric vehicle (EV).
They are powered by a battery pack and electric motor(s). They can be charged via home socket, public, fast charger and so on.
There are zero0emissions when driven, though their production may have produced harmful emissions.
EVs get €10,000 in concessions to make them more affordable: a VRT rebate of €5,000 and SEAI grant of similar amount.
So there you have my rough guide.
You might refer to the terms, or bear the distinctions in mind, as you peruse the following run-through of what electrified models are coming our way for 192. And next year. And even further down the line in some cases.
ALFA ROMEO: The Tonale is the Italian marque’s first electric mid-sized SUV and was unveiled at Geneva. It will sit below the Stelvio crossover when it goes on sale in 2020, available as a plug-in hybrid electric.
BMW: Lots of plug-ins across several segments here for 192 or due.
Just one example . . there will be a 3 Series Touring plug-in for summer 2020.
CITROEN: The C5 Aircross will get a PHEV version in Q2 of next year and will have a 50km electric-only range.
DS: The DS3 Crossback, a Q4 arrival, gets a full electric E-Tense addition in Q1 2020. Current DS 7 Crossback gets an E-Tense PHEV version in Q4.
FIAT: Fully-electric version of the 500 next year.
FORD: September – Transit Custom PHEV. Fiesta EcoBoost HEV and Focus EcoBoost HEV also announced but little detail as yet.
New Fiesta EcoBoost hybrid and Focus EcoBoost mild hybrids planned.
Puma mild hybrid version also coming down the track.
In early 2020 there’s be a new Kuga petrol plug-in hybrid electric. Ford claims a pure-electric driving range of more than 50km.
In late 2020 there will be a Mustang-inspired electric SUV with a claimed driving range of 600km.
HONDA: A hybrid Jazz is expected. And the manufacturer’s small electric car, the Honda e, will be unveiled at Frankfurt in September.
HYUNDAI: New hybrid Kona small SUV is due from July – from €27,495.
Updated Ioniq with increased driving range of 294km, new technology and a refreshed look expected by the end of July.
JAGUAR LAND ROVER: The new Range Rover Evoque has mild-hybrid technology (MHEV); expect a PHEV in mid-2020.
New Discovery Sport is also launching with MHEV technology; And a PHEV will follow in mid-2020.
JEEP: A Renegade PHEV is expected in Q2 of next year.
KIA: The e-Niro and e-Soul will be launched officially next Monday. I’m told they are sold out, so get your orders in for 2020.
The eSoul has a 65kw battery pack and a claimed range of 452km. The lower-range eNiro costs from €33,495; long range, €37,495. The eSoul entry-level costs from €35,995; higher trim, €37,495.
The ‘conventional’ Ceed CUV will be quickly followed up with a PHEV version – in January.
MAZDA: All Mazda3 petrols have mild hybrid systems.
MERCEDES: So many of its cars now have, or will have, mild-hybrid systems.
However, there are plug-in hybrid versions coming too in late summer: the A-Class PIH, B-Class PIH.
Then there is Mercedes’ first electric car, the EQC, with the Edition 1886 arriving in July and the EQC 400 4Matic core model going on sale in October.
MINI: New EV hatch likely to share its motor and battery with the BMW i3. No pricing yet. Due to arrive next year.
NISSAN: Ready for the July market is the more powerful new 62kw LEAF e+ 3.ZERO. It’s got a higher output (217 PS) and longer range of 385km on a single charge than the current one.
That’s because the higher-power battery has 288 cells compared with the 192 in the 40kWh equivalent. Pricing will be announced soon.
OPEL: The electric variant of the sixth-generation Corsa will arrive in showrooms in March. It generates an output of 136PS and there is a provisional electric driving range of 330km.
The 50kW battery can be fast-charged to as much as 80pc of its capacity in 30 minutes and is covered by an eight-year warranty.
It’s compatible with all charging options: cable, wall box and high-speed.
A PHEV variant of the current Grandland X arrives in December: 1.6 turbocharged petrol engine and two electric motors with a system output of up to 300hp.
An EV version of the new Zafira Life people carrier will launch the year after next.
PEUGEOT: The new 208 hatchback will have the option of an all-electric powertrain.
Powered by a 100kW motor, it has a 50kWh battery and a range of up to 340km.
No idea of prices yet.
The new 508 fastback and estate will have hybrid power models in the last quarter of this year.
There is an 180hp engine and 110hp electric motor with a combined system output of 225hp
The 3008 SUV is being equipped with the powerful Hybrid4 system and is scheduled to arrive next spring.
PORSCHE: Plans to invest more than €6bn in ‘electromobility’ by 2022. That’s double the outlay the company had initially planned.
Of the additional €3bn, around €500m will be used for the development of Taycan variants and derivatives, around €1bn for electrification and hybridisation of the existing range, and around €700m for new technologies, charging infrastructure and smart mobility.
RENAULT: I’m told the new Zoe EV will benefit from a substantial restyle, completely revised interior, increased range and more charging options (but keeping the flexibility of 22kW AC charging).
Then there will be a Clio E-Tech hybrid. This is due shortly after the supermini’s launch this summer.
And there will be a new hybrid powertrain for the range next year.
The company is claiming the new Clio variant will have “several technologies which are new to the hybrid world” and draw on the brand’s F1 and electric vehicle expertise.
Later in 2020 there will be plug-in versions of the new Captur and revised Mégane.
Renault says the plug-in hybrid powertrain will be “unlike anything that’s been seen before”.
SEAT: Seat’s first electric vehicle, the el Born, will launch at the end of 2020. It’s the first 100pc EV based on the Volkswagen Group MEB platform.
The el-Born will have a range of up to 420km on the WLTP official test cycle and the ability to reach 100kmh in just 7.5 seconds,
The Cupra range will add the Formentor in the third quarter of 2020. Powering the car is a high-performance plug-in hybrid combination.
SKODA: The revised Superb will get the option of a plug-in hybrid version (a 1.4-litre TSI petrol and an electric motor capable of 55km of electric-only propulsion). Combined power is around 218hp.
The unnamed first electric A-SUV model is expected in November 2020.
Built on the same MEB platform as Volkswagen’s ID.3, it will have a range of 350-550km.
SUBARU: We’ll see its own take on mild hybrid technology in the new Forester e-Boxer and XV Crossover e-Boxer in October.
The XV Crossover e-Boxer will be priced from €38,945 and the Forester e-Boxer from €44,495 for SE models.
TESLA: The new Model 3 has just opened for orders. Prices start from €48,900.
TOYOTA: The 2-litre hybrid Corolla Trek (crossover-type rugged looks) is here for 192 sales. From €35,650.
VOLKSWAGEN: The e-Golf will soldier on into 2020. Then the focus shifts to the new electric ID.3 which is due over the next 12 months. It should cost around €30,000 after the grants. It has a 350-550km range (they are WLTP figures, so are realistic).
The car will be revealed in full at Frankfurt Motor Show in September but we reckon it might be 2021 before you see real numbers in Ireland.
The Passat GTE gets a longer 55km electric range under WLTP.
And there will be some mild-hybrid engines in the Golf.
VOLVO: With its kinetic energy recovery braking system, the XC90 has an electrified powertrain.
The new ‘B’-badged cars complement Volvo’s existing T8 Twin Engine plug-in hybrid option on the large SUV.
The XC60 also benefits from the new mild-hybrid system on all-wheel-drive variants with B4 (190hp) and B5 (235hp) engines.
From early 2020 the XC40 will also get a new electrified option – a T5 Twin Engine petrol plug-in hybrid.
Just launched is a Polestar Engineered on the XC60 for 192 with S and V60 variants arriving in November.